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The Machine Gun Corps (Infantry)

Machine Gun Corps Machine Gun Corps Machine Gun Corps Shoulder Title

In November, 1915, machine-gun sections were withdrawn from Infantry battalions overseas and formed into machine-gun companies, one of which was attached to each brigade. At the same time, a Machine-Gun Training Centre was formed at Grantham for the purposes of training and supplying reinforcements for machine-gun companies in the field, and raising new machine-gun companies. As these new companies were raised and trained they were sent to the various theatres, and the numbers of machine-gun companies in each division was increased to four. In March, 1918, it was decided to form these four companies into a machine-gun battalion and to attach one machine-gun battalion to each division. This reorganisation was carried into effect in France and Italy, and, with certain modifications, in Egypt, but not in the other theatres of war. The machine-gun battalion in Egypt had an establishment of a headquarters and three companies only.

Strength

The strength of the Machine Gun Corps (Infantry) was recorded from February, 1916, until March, 1920, on a month-by-month basis.

At its peak, in October, 1918, it consisted of 5,852 officers and 114,910 other ranks - a total of 120,772 all ranks. A more detailed analysis is available on the MGC strength page.

The Machine Gun Corps (Infantry) comprised:

  • Companies
  • Battalions

    Companies

    Prior to the formation of MG Battalions, a Machine Gun Company was attached to each Infantry Brigade and their subsequent Division.
    Machine Gun Companies
    CompanyAttached unitTheatreDate in theatre
    1st1st Bde, 1st DivFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    2nd2nd Bde, 1st DivFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    3rd3rd Bde, 1st DivFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    Afghanistan1919
    4thEgyptian Expeditionary ForceJanuary 1917
    5th5th Bde, 2nd DivFrance & FlandersJanuary 1916
    6th6th Bde, 2nd DivFrance & FlandersJanuary 1916
    7thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    8th8th Bde, 3rd Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    North RussiaJuly 1919
    9th9th Bde, 3rd Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    10th10th Bde, 4th Div.France & FlandersJanuary 1916
    11th11th Bde, 4th Div.France & FlandersJanuary 1916
    12th12th Bde, 4th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    13th13th Bde, 5th Div.France & FlandersJanuary 1916
    ItalyNovember 1917
    France & FlandersApril 1918
    14th14th Bde, 5th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    15th15th Bde, 5th Div.France & FlandersJanuary 1916
    ItalyNovember 1917
    France & FlandersApril 1918
    Afghanistan1919
    16th16th Bde, 6th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    17thEgyptJune 1916
    France & FlandersJuly 1917
    18th18th Bde, 6th Div.France & FlandersJanuary 1916
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1918
    19thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    20th20th Bde, 7th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    21stFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    22nd22nd Bde, 7th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    France & FlandersApril 1918
    Afghanistan1919
    23rd23rd Bde, 8th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    24th24th Bde, 8th Div.
    24th Bde, 23rd Div.
    France & FlandersJuly 1917
    25th25th Bde, 8th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    26th26th Bde, 9th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    27th27th Bde, 9th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    28th28th Bde, 9th Div.
    S.A. Bde, 9th Div.
    France & FlandersJuly 1917
    29th29th Bde., 10th (Irish) Div.EgyptSeptember 1916
    SalonikaMarch 1917
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1917
    30th30th Bde., 10th (Irish) Div.EgyptSeptember 1916
    SalonikaMarch 1917
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1917
    31st31st Bde., 10th (Irish) Div.EgyptSeptember 1916
    SalonikaMarch 1917
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1917
    32nd32nd Bde, 11th (Northern) Div.EgyptApril 1916
    France & FlandersJuly 1916
    33rd33rd Bde, 11th (Northern) Div.EgyptApril 1916
    France & FlandersJuly 1916
    34th34th Bde, 11th (Northern) Div.EgyptApril 1916
    France & FlandersJuly 1916
    35th35th Bde, 12th (Eastern) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    36th36th Bde, 12th (Eastern) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    37th37th Bde, 12th (Eastern) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    38th38th Bde, 13th (Western) Div.MesopotamiaNovember 1916
    39th39th Bde, 13th (Western) Div.MesopotamiaNovember 1916
    Northern PersiaAugust 1918
    South Russia
    40th40th Bde, 13th (Western) Div.MesopotamiaNovember 1916
    41st41st Bde, 14th (Light) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    42nd42nd Bde, 14th (Light) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    43rd43rd Bde, 14th (Light) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    44th44th Bde, 15th (Scottish) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    45th45th Bde, 15th (Scottish) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    46th46th Bde, 15th (Scottish) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    47th47th Bde, 16th (Irish) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    48th48th Bde, 16th (Irish) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    49th49th Bde, 16th (Irish) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    50th50th Bde, 17th (Northern) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    51st51st Bde, 17th (Northern) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    52nd52nd Bde, 17th (Northern) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    53rd53rd Bde, 18th (Eastern) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    54th54th Bde, 18th (Eastern) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    55th55th Bde, 18th (Eastern) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    56th56th Bde, 19th (Western) DivFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    57th57th Bde, 19th (Western) DivFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    58th58th Bde, 19th (Western) DivFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    59th59th Bde, 20th (Light) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    60th60th Bde, 20th (Light) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    61st61st Bde, 20th (Light) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    62ndFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    63rdFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    64thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    65thMesopotamiaNovember 1916
    SalonikaJanuary 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    66thEgyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1916
    MesopotamiaNovember 1916
    SalonikaJanuary 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    67thEgyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1916
    MesopotamiaNovember 1916
    SalonikaJanuary 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    68thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    69thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    70th70th Bde, 23rd Div.
    70th Bde, 8th Div.
    France & FlandersJuly 1917
    70th Bde, 23rd Div.ItalyNovember 1917
    71st71st Bde, 6th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    72ndFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    73rdFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    74thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    75thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    76th76th Bde, 3rd Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    77thEgyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1916
    MesopotamiaNovember 1916
    SalonikaJanuary 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    78thEgyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1916
    MesopotamiaNovember 1916
    SalonikaJanuary 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    79thEgyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1916
    MesopotamiaNovember 1916
    SalonikaJanuary 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    80th80th Bde, 27th Div.Egyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1916
    BalkansNovember 1916
    SalonikaJanuary 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    81st81st Bde, 27th Div.Egyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1916
    BalkansNovember 1916
    SalonikaJanuary 1917
    South RussiaFebruary 1919
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    82nd82nd Bde, 27th Div.Egyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1916
    SalonikaJanuary 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    83rd83rd Bde, 28th Div.Egyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1916
    SalonikaJanuary 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    84th84th Bde, 28th Div.Egyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1916
    SalonikaJanuary 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    85th85th Bde, 28th Div.Egyptian Expeditionary ForceSeptember 1916
    SalonikaJanuary 1917
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    86th86th Bde., 29th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    87th87th Bde., 29th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    88th88th Bde., 29th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    89thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    90thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    91st91st Bde, 7th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    92ndFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    93rdFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    94thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    95th95th Bde, 5th Div.France & FlandersJanuary 1916
    ItalyNovember 1917
    France & FlandersApril 1918
    96thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    97thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    98thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    99th99th Bde, 2nd Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    100thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    101stFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    102ndFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    103rdFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    104thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    105thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    106thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    107thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    108thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    109thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    110thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    111thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    112thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    113thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    114thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    115thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    116thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    117thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    118thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    119thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    120thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    121stFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    122ndFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    France & FlandersMarch 1918
    123rdFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    France & FlandersMarch 1918
    124thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    France & FlandersMarch 1918
    125th125th Bde., 42nd Div.EgyptApril 1916
    France & FlandersFebruary 1917
    126th126th Bde., 42nd Div.EgyptApril 1916
    France & FlandersFebruary 1917
    127th127th Bde., 42nd Div.EgyptApril 1916
    France & FlandersFebruary 1917
    128thMesopotamiaNovember 1916
    129thMesopotamiaNovember 1916
    130thMesopotamiaNovember 1916
    131stMesopotamiaNovember 1916
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceApril 1918
    132ndMesopotamiaNovember 1916
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceApril 1918
    133rdMesopotamiaNovember 1916
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceApril 1918
    134thMesopotamiaNovember 1916
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceJanuary 1918
    135thMesopotamiaNovember 1916
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceJanuary 1918
    136thMesopotamiaNovember 1916
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceJanuary 1918
    137thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    138thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    139thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    140thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    141stFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    142ndFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    143rdFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    144thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    145thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    146thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    147thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    148thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    149thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    150thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    151stFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    152ndFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    153rdFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    154thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    155thEgyptApril 1916
    France & FlandersApril 1918
    156thEgyptApril 1916
    France & FlandersApril 1918
    157thEgyptApril 1916
    France & FlandersApril 1918
    158thEgyptMarch 1916
    159thEgyptMarch 1916
    160thEgyptMarch 1916
    161stEgyptMarch 1916
    162ndEgyptMarch 1916
    163rdEgyptMarch 1916
    164thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    165thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    166thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    167thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    168thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    169thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    170thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    171stFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    172ndFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    173rdFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    174thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    175thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    176thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    177thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    178thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    179thSalonikaJanuary 1917
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceJune 1917
    180thSalonikaJanuary 1917
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceJune 1917
    181stSalonikaJanuary 1917
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceJune 1917
    182ndFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    183rdFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    184thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    185thMesopotamiaNovember 1916
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceJune 1917
    186thMesopotamiaNovember 1916
    North PersiaOctober 1918
    187thMesopotamiaNovember 1916
    188thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    189thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    190thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    191stFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    192ndDiv. Res., 6th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    193rdFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    194thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    195thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    196thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    197thDiv. Res., 9th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    198thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    199thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    200thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    201stFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    North RussiaJuly 1919
    202ndFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    203rdFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    204thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    205thDiv. Res., 5th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    France & FlandersApril 1918
    206thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    IndiaOctober 1918
    207thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    MesopotamiaDecember 1917
    208thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    209thEgyptian Expeditionary ForceJanuary 1917
    210thEgyptian Expeditionary ForceJanuary 1917
    211thEgyptian Expeditionary ForceJanuary 1917
    212thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    213thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    214thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    215thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    216thDiv. Res., 1st Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    217thDiv. Res., 20th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    218thDiv. Res., 8th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    219thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    220thDiv. Res., 7th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    221stIndiaMay 1917
    222ndIndiaMay 1917
    Afghanistan1919
    223rdFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    224thDiv. Res., 14th (Light) Div.Egyptian Expeditionary ForceApril 1917
    France & FlandersJuly 1917
    225thDiv. Res., 15th (Scottish) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    226thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    227thDiv. Res., 29th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    228th228th Bde., 28th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    229thEgyptian Expeditionary ForceJune 1917
    230thEgyptian Expeditionary ForceJune 1917
    231stEgyptian Expeditionary ForceJune 1917
    232ndFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    233rdDiv. Res., 3rd Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    234thDiv. Res., 4th Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    235thDiv. Res., 12th (Eastern) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    236thDiv. Res., 17th (Northern) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    237thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    238thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    MesopotamiaDecember 1917
    239thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    MesopotamiaDecember 1917
    240thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    241stFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    242ndDiv. Res., 2nd Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    243rdFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    244thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    245thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    246thDiv. Res. 19th (Western) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    247thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    MesopotamiaOctober 1918
    248thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    249thDiv. Res., 14th (Light) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    MesopotamiaNovember 1917
    250thDiv. Res., 11th (Northern) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    251stFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    ItalyNovember 1917
    252ndNorth RussiaOctober 1918
    253rdSouth RussiaAugust 1918
    254thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    255thFrance & FlandersJuly 1917
    256thIndiaAugust 1917
    MesopotamiaNovember 1917
    257thIndiaAugust 1917
    MesopotamiaNovember 1917
    258thIndiaAugust 1917
    MesopotamiaNovember 1917
    259thEast AfricaMay 1917
    260thIndiaJuly 1917
    Afghanistan1919
    261stEgyptian Expeditionary ForceJanuary 1917
    IndiaJuly 1917
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceJune 1918
    262ndIndiaAugust 1917
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceJanuary 1918
    France & FlandersMay 1918
    263rdIndiaAugust 1917
    Afghanistan1919
    264thIndiaJuly 1917
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceJanuary 1918
    France & FlandersMay 1918
    265thEgyptian Expeditionary ForceDecember 1917
    266th
    267th
    268thDiv. Res., 42nd Div.France & FlandersOctober 1917
    269thDiv. Res., 16th (Irish) Div.France & FlandersJuly 1917
    270thIndiaFebruary 1918
    Afghanistan1919
    271stMesopotamiaDecember 1917
    Egyptian Expeditionary ForceJune 1918
    272ndMesopotamiaDecember 1917
    273rdDiv. Res., 13th (Western) Div.MesopotamiaDecember 1917
    274thMesopotamiaDecember 1917
    275thMesopotamiaDecember 1917
    276thMesopotamiaDecember 1917
    277th228th Bde., 28th Div.SalonikaDecember 1917
    ThraceJanuary 1919
    Army of the Black SeaOctober 1919
    278th
    279th
    280thNorth RussiaOctober 1918
    281stIndiaNovember 1918
    Afghanistan1919
    282ndIndiaNovember 1918
    283rdIndiaNovember 1918
    284thIndiaNovember 1918
    285thIndiaNovember 1918
    Afghanistan1919
    286thIndiaNovember 1918
    Afghanistan1919
    287thIndiaNovember 1918
    288thIndiaNovember 1918
    Afghanistan1919
    "Z"242nd Bde., 28th Div.South RussiaMay 1920


    Battalions

    In June 1918, the MG Companies were combined and formed into Machine Gun Battalions and directly attached to Infantry Divisions rather than Brigades.
    Machine Gun Battalions
    BattalionAttached UnitTheatre
    1st1st Div.France & Flanders
    2nd2nd Div.France & Flanders
    3rd (BEF)3rd Div.France & Flanders
    3rd (EEF)Egyptian Expeditionary Force
    4th4th Div.France & Flanders
    5th5th Div.France & Flanders
    6th6th Div.France & Flanders
    7th7th Div.France & Flanders
    Egyptian Expeditionary Force
    Italy
    8th8th Div.France & Flanders
    North Russia
    India
    Iraq
    9th9th (Scottish) Div.France & Flanders
    10th10th (Irish) Div.Egyptian Expeditionary Force
    11th11th (Northern) Div.France & Flanders
    12th12th (Eastern) Div.France & Flanders
    14th14th (Light) Div.France & Flanders
    15th15th (Scottish) Div.France & Flanders
    16th16th (Irish) Div.France & Flanders
    17th17th (Northern) Div.France & Flanders
    Iraq
    18th18th (Eastern) Div.France & Flanders
    19th19th (Western) Div.France & Flanders
    20th20th (Light) Div.France & Flanders
    21stFrance & Flanders
    23rd (BEF)France & Flanders
    23rd (Italy)Italy
    24thFrance & Flanders
    25thFrance & Flanders
    29thFrance & Flanders
    30thFrance & Flanders
    31stFrance & Flanders
    32ndFrance & Flanders
    33rdFrance & Flanders
    34thFrance & Flanders
    35thFrance & Flanders
    36thFrance & Flanders
    37thFrance & Flanders
    38thFrance & Flanders
    39thFrance & Flanders
    40thFrance & Flanders
    41stFrance & Flanders
    42nd42nd Div.France & Flanders
    46thFrance & Flanders
    47thFrance & Flanders
    48th (BEF)France & Flanders
    48th (Italy)Italy
    49thFrance & Flanders
    50thFrance & Flanders
    51stFrance & Flanders
    52ndFrance & Flanders
    53rdEgyptian Expeditionary Force
    54thEgyptian Expeditionary Force
    55thFrance & Flanders
    56thFrance & Flanders
    57thFrance & Flanders
    58thFrance & Flanders
    61stFrance & Flanders
    62ndFrance & Flanders
    63rdFrance & Flanders
    74thFrance & Flanders
    75thEgyptian Expeditionary Force
    100thFrance & Flanders
    101stFrance & Flanders
    102ndFrance & Flanders
    103rdFrance & Flanders
    'F' Battalion
    104th Battalion
    9th (Scottish) Div.France & Flanders
    200thFrance & Flanders


    Sources

  • Fosten et. al., 1978
  • Gould, 1977
  • War Office, 1922
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